MFC stands for melamine faced chipboard and the vast majority of office furniture is manufactured with this material. There are a number of thicknesses used, but typically the industry standard is 25mm thick. Some budget ranges are 18mm thick.
Most people think of the low grade, unattractive material favoured by high street furniture stores in the 1980's, but todays MFC has come on a long way.
Essentially MFC is either a picture (a photograph) of a real wood grain, which is repeatedly printed onto a Melamine film, and heat processed onto a sheet of chipboard. The quality of that chipboard mainly depends on the density of the board. Many domestic furniture uses low density board, which is light. Most commercial grade furniture is made of a dense board as it stops flexing and bending.
The finished board is then cut to shape and size, edged with a banding machine to protect the edges. These panels can then be used to make furniture â€“ and itâ€™s used in desks, workstations, cupboards and pedestals.
The colours available vary from factory to factory. There are some common finishes that are used, and whilst they all tend to be the same grain pattern, they can vary from source in shade and grain pattern.
MFC is available in a large number of plain colours as well, and special finishes too.